AHI Apnoea–hypopnoea index
BMI Body mass index
BP Blood pressure
BPAP Bilevel positive airway pressure
COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPAP Continuous positive airway pressure
CSA Central sleep apnoea
CVD Cardiovascular disease
DBP Diastolic blood pressure
EDS Excessive daytime sleepiness
EPAP Expiratory positive airway pressure
ESS Epworth Sleepiness Scale
FEV1 Forced expiratory volume in 1 s
FRC Functional residual capacity
FVC Forced vital capacity
HF Heart failure
IH Intermittent hypoxia
IL Interleukin
IPAP Inspiratory positive airway pressure
MAD Mandibular advancement device
ODI Oxygen desaturation index
OSA Obstructive sleep apnoea
PAP Positive airway pressure
PSG Polysomnography
RCT Randomised controlled trial
RDI Respiratory disturbance index
REM Rapid eye movement
SBP Systolic blood pressure
TNF Tumour necrosis factor
UA Upper airways
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