ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
BAL bronchoalveolar lavage
BMI body mass index
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure
CT computed tomography
ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
FEV1 forced expiratory volume in first second
FIO2 inspiratory oxygen fraction
ICU intensive care unit
NIV noninvasive ventilation
PaCO2 arterial carbon dioxide tension
PaO2 arterial oxygen tension
PEEP positive end-expiratory pressure
RCT randomised controlled trial
SpO2 arterial oxygen saturation measured by pulse oximetry
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